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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 76-87

Minimizing hypoglycemia with insulin therapy: The “THINK” strategy


1 Department of Endocrinology, Fortis Hospital, Mohali, Punjab, India
2 Department of Endocrinology, Max Hospital, Mohali, Punjab, India

Correspondence Address:
Gagan Priya
Department of Endocrinology, Fortis Hospital, Phase 8, Mohali - 160 059, Punjab
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/cdrp.cdrp_9_22

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Iatrogenic hypoglycemia is the most feared and common complication of insulin therapy. Hypoglycemia can have serious consequences and can be potentially life-threatening. In addition to the neurological manifestations of severe hypoglycemia, hypoglycemia may be associated with cognitive dysfunction, cardiovascular events, arrhythmias, and increased mortality. Recurrent episodes of hypoglycemia may lead to hypoglycemia unawareness, which increases the risk of severe hypoglycemia. Therefore, prevention of hypoglycemia remains a priority in persons with diabetes on insulin therapy. The “THINK” strategy provides a comprehensive approach for diabetes care providers to minimize the risk of hypoglycemia related to insulin therapy by mitigating factors that increase the risk. This requires setting reasonable glycemic Targets keeping in mind a person's risk of hypoglycemia; choosing the right Tools such as insulin formulation and regimen with lower risk and adequate glucose monitoring; judicious Titration of insulin doses; use of modern Technology such as continuous glucose monitoring, continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion, and sensor augmented pumps in patients at high risk; maintaining Harmony between insulin dose, diet, physical activity, and changes in lifestyle; Individualization of diabetes therapy; ensuring there are No errors in insulin administration; and empowering patients with Knowledge about hypoglycemia. The THINK strategy offers a handy tool for tailoring insulin therapy to minimize hypoglycemia risk.


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